It is generally accepted that the more an individual knows about their injury the better their recovery Understanding one's symptoms and how they can best be treated is paramount to recovery.
This page aims to provide information about concussions, concussion symptoms and treatments. We hope it will help you gain more knowledge about concussions and options for treatment.
All concussions are different and you may experience some but not all of these symptoms. In most cases, people have a fairly complete recovery within 3 months of injury, but when symptoms persist beyond that it is often referred to as Post Concussion Syndrome or Persistent Symptoms from Concussion. There are common symptoms associated with concussions referred to here as a constellation. Please read below for information on each symptom.
There are differing opinions regarding rest vs. activity and exercise after concussions. Currently it is felt that after an initial period of rest, controlled return to exercise and activities can be beneficial in recovery. During this perios it is essential, however, that the individual remains sub-symptom. That is, they begin to return to activity and exercise when they are no longer experiencing physical symptoms (headaches, dizziness, nausea, etc.) and they stop the activity if the symptoms return. Continue to gradually increase the length of time of activity and exercise and the intensity of activity and exercise as long as the symptoms do not return. Returning to contact sports on the other hand has other recommendations. For information on returning to contact sports, please refer to these thinks.
Reference: Brain Injury Association of America
When symptoms from concussions persist and are problematic, it is important to seek treatment from individuals with expertise in treating people with concussions. Your physician or a physiatrist can be helpful in determining where to start.
Treatment may include:
Sleep is essential to healthy brain function, both for rest and to flush away waste products that accumulate during the day. After concussion, an individual can experience problems with sleep, either in terms of excessive need (hypersomnolence) or difficulty sleeping (insomnia). Disruption to the cycles of sleep can cause fatigue, “fogginess”, memory problems, and even depression. It is important to develop a regular sleep routine that stabilizes sleep patterns and ensures quality rest. If you are having difficulty sleeping, consult your physician, as there are behavioral interventions which can be very effective.The following websites have good information on sleep disorders and strategies:
It is important to maintain a healthy diet when recovering from a concussion. This includes foods that specifically promote brain health, including nuts and seeds, dark leafy greens, herbs, fish, fermented foods. In general, the following nutritional guidelines are usually recommended.The following books & websites have some good information on nutrition
Preparing a list of questions can help you make the most of your appointment. List your questions from most important to least important in case time runs out.